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Journal of Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences (JLUMHS) Jamshoro, Pakistan publishes original manuscripts, case reports and reviews on topics related to medical and health sciences. JLUMHS is a peer reviewed journal and is published quarterly (4 issues per year) since July 2002. It agrees to accept manuscripts prepared in accordance with the “Uniform Requirements for submission of manuscripts for biomedical journals adopted by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), updated October 2001 (Refer JLUMHS July – December 2002 issue). 

JLUMHS is indexed and recognized by following International / National databases:


  • Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ)
  • Clarivate Analytics (Thomson Reuters) Master list in ESCI (Emerging Sources Citation Index).
  • Index Medicus for WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region (IMEMR)
  • Digital Object Identifier (DOI) by CrossRef
  • ICI World Journals (Index Copernicus International)
  • CiteFactor indexation
  • ICMJE (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors)
  • Google Scholar
  • SJR (Scimago) (13th position in Pakistan)


  • Higher Education Commission Pakistan (HEC) Islamabad in Y-Category
  • Pakistan Medical and Dental Council (PM&DC)
  • Pakmedinet

Online edition of JLUMHS is available at URL: www.lumhs.edu.pk/jlumhs
Abstracts of papers published in JLUMHS are also available online at www.pakmedinet.com/jlumhs.

Editorial Policy

Articles are accepted for publication on the condition that they are contributed solely to JLUMHS. One hard copy of all the manuscripts should be submitted for publication. An electronic copy of all manuscripts must also be submitted on a CD / DVD or Email to JLUMHS. All articles are reviewed by three referees. Acceptance is based on significance, originality, and validity of the material. If the article is accepted for publication, editorial revisions may be made to aid clarity and understanding without altering the meaning.
Statements and opinions expressed in the articles and communications herein are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the Editor(s) or publisher, and the Editor(s) and publisher disclaim any responsibility or liability for such material. Neither the Editor(s) nor the publisher guarantees, warrants, or endorses any product or service advertised in this publication; neither do they guarantee any claim made by the manufacturer of such product or service. In accordance with the Copyright Act, the following statement signed by all authors must accompany each manuscript submitted for publication: “The undersigned author(s) transfer all copyright ownership of the manuscript to the Journal of Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro, Pakistan in the event the work is published. The undersigned warrant(s) that the article is original, does not infringe upon any copyright or other proprietary right of any third party, is not under consideration by another journal, and has not been published previously”.

Peer review process

When manuscript passed through TURNITIN, one of the members of Editorial Board is assigned to assess the suitability and format of the manuscript according to the scope of the journal as process referred as “Primary Review”. All manuscripts than undergo “DOUBLE BLIND PEER REVIEW” process by 2 subject specialist. The suggestions and objections of the reviewers after blinding are communicated to authors and only when reviewers are satisfy with the response of the authors than only the manuscript are accepted for publication.

Plagiarism Policy

Soon after submission, manuscripts are cheeked for similarity index using TURNITIN software provided by HEC as plagiarism checker and less then 19% similarity index of any manuscript will be the eligibility to proceed further for peer review.
Definition of Plagiarism: According to the Concise Oxford Dictionary, Plagiarism is defined as "taking and using the thoughts, writings, and inventions of another person as one's own". This, or various similar definitions found in recognized publications / documents, are very broad and can be used to create awareness about Plagiarism but are not practical enough to apply in order to ascertain guilt or innocence in specific cases. In order to establish the violation of ethical norms, or academic or intellectual dishonesty resulting from Plagiarism and to take punitive actions in this regard, it is necessary that the variety of forms in which Plagiarism manifests itself are known. These include but are not limited to the following:
  • “Verbatim copying, near-verbatim copying, or purposely paraphrasing portions of another author's paper or unpublished report without citing the exact reference.
  • Copying elements of another author's paper, such as equations or illustrations that are not common knowledge, or copying or purposely paraphrasing sentences without citing the source.
  • Verbatim copying portions of another author's paper or from reports by citing but not clearly differentiating what text has been copied (e.g. not applying quotation marks correctly) and /or not citing the source correctly”1.
  • "The unacknowledged use of computer programs, mathematical / computer models / algorithms, computer software in all forms, macros, spreadsheets, web pages, databases, mathematical deviations and calculations, designs / models / displays of any sort, diagrams, graphs, tables, drawings, works of art of any sort, fine art pieces or artifacts, digital images, computer-aided design drawings, GIS files, photographs, maps, music / composition of any sort, posters, presentations and tracing."2
  • "Self-plagiarism, that is, the verbatim or near-verbatim re-use of significant portions of one's own copyrighted work without citing the original source."1

Our journal discourages this practice and do not tolerate Plagiarism.

    • ACM (Association of Computing Machinery) Policy on Plagiarism”(http://www.acm.org/pubs/plagiarism%20policy.html)
    • Academic Integrity Statement: Appendix1” (University of Southampton Calendar 2006/7)(http://www.calendar.soton.ac.uk/sectionIV/part8a.html)

Preparation of manuscripts

Only original manuscripts will be considered for publication. Correct preparation of the manuscript by the authors will expedite the reviewing and publication procedures. Please note the following requirements. Text for original articles should not exceed 3000 words and 1250 words for a case report. One original hard copy of the manuscript must be submitted to the Editor alongwith all supporting material (including permission) and a CD / DVD. The hard copy must be printed on one side only, double-spaced, on 22 × 28 cm (8½ × 11 inch) paper with adequate margins. The article, including all tables, should be formatted in Microsoft Word or in a text only file.


Manuscripts must conform to acceptable English usage. Standard abbreviations should be used consistently throughout the article. Abbreviations should be spelled out the first time they appear in the text and followed in parentheses by the abbreviation.


Begin numbering with the title page as page 1, the structured abstract page as page 2, and continue throughout the references, figure legends, and tables. Place page numbers in the upper right corner of each page, Document Font should be Arial size 12 double spaced text format.

Title page

The title page should be typed double-spaced and include the title, authors' full names, highest earned academic degrees, institutional affiliations and location, and a short, abbreviated title of  up to 40 characters or fewer. Designate one author (provide address, business telephone, fax numbers and  e-mail address) to receive correspondence

Structured abstract / Full Article

Each original article must include a structured abstract of no more than 250 words. Use the following headings for sections of the abstract: Objective, Methodology, Results, Conclusion and keywords. The abstract may not contain data not presented in the manuscript.
The use of appropriate subheadings throughout the body of the text (Introduction, Methodology, Results, Discussion and Conclusion sections) is required for manuscripts. Following format should be adopted for Original Articles. Meanwhile, for a case report, a brief abstract about case, introduction about subject, case report, discussion and references parts should be given.


It should contain brief review of the topic with strictly relevant references & historical background. At the end, objectives and the rationale for the study should be mentioned.


In this section, mention design, place and duration of the study. It should clearly state inclusion and exclusion criteria of the subjects. The methods and the apparatus used should be identified (with manufacturer’s name and address in the parenthesis), and procedures described in sufficient detail to allow other workers to reproduce the results. Well-established methods should be cited with references. Statistical tools used for analysis of results should also be mentioned in methods section with enough detail to enable the readers or researchers to verify the reported findings.


Important findings must be narrated in the text, tables and illustrations in logical sequence in numerical as well as in percentages. Repetitions should be avoided. Only important observations should be emphasized in precise manner.


It should emphasize the new and important aspects, implications and any limitations of the study. In this section, findings should be compared with already existing literature.


These should be specific to the goals of the study & authors own interpretation of the data. These should not be linked to other studies. Claiming priority or alluding to work that has not completed, must be avoided.


If author(s) want to present appropriate recommendations or suggestions, these may be included after conclusion section.


Persons who have contributed intellectually or technically to the paper but whose contributions do not justify authorship may be named and their function or contribution described. For example, “Scientific advisor”, “Critical review of study proposal “, “data collection” or “participation in clinical trial”. Such persons must have permitted to be named.

Conflict of Interest

Public trust in the peer review process and the credibility of published articles depend in part on how well conflict of interest is handled during writing, peer review, and editorial decision making. Conflict of interest exists when an author (or the author's institution), reviewer, or editor has financial or personal relationships that inappropriately influence (bias) his or her actions (such relationships are also known as dual commitments, competing interests, or competing loyalties). These relationships vary from those with negligible potential to those with great potential to influence judgment, and not all relationships represent true conflict of interest. The potential for conflict of interest can exist whether or not an individual believes that the relationship affects his or her scientific judgment. Financial relationships (such as employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony) are the most easily identifiable conflicts of interest and the most likely to undermine the credibility of the journal, the authors, and of science itself. However, conflicts can occur for other reasons, such as personal relationships, academic competition, and intellectual passion.
- International Committee of Medical Journal Editors ("Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals") -- February 2006

Human and Animal Rights

When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000 (5). If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach, and demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study. When reporting experiments on animals, authors should be asked to indicate whether the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.
- International Committee of Medical Journal Editors ("Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals") -- February 2006


All research articles should have a funding acknowledgement statement included in the manuscript in the form of a sentence under a separate heading entitled ‘Funding’ directly after your Acknowledgements and Declaration of Conflicting Interests, if applicable, and prior to any Notes and your References. The funding agency should be written out in full, followed by the grant number in square brackets, see following example:
This work was supported by the Medical Research Council [grant number xxx].
Multiple grant numbers should be separated by comma and space. Where the research was supported by more than one agency, the different agencies should be separated by semi-colon, with “and” before the final funder. Thus:
This work was supported by the Trust [grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]; the Natural Environment Research Council [grant number zzzz]; and the Economic and Social Research Council [grant number aaaa].
In some cases, research is not funded by a specific project grant, but rather from the block grant and other resources available to a university, college or other research institution. Where no specific funding has been provided for the research we ask that corresponding authors use the following sentence:
This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Please include this information under a separate heading entitled ‘Funding’ directly after any Acknowledgements and Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), and prior to any Notes and your References.


The reference list must be numbered serially in the order in which the references appear in the text and typed double-spaced on separate sheets. References should be latest within 5 years period with format to the “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals” (http://www.icmje.org). Reference citations to periodicals should include, in the following order: names of the first 6 authors followed by et al,. (Note: NLM now lists all authors.)  Title, Journal, Year, Volume, and pages; for example:
  •  Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002 Jul 25;347(4):284-7
    Journal abbreviations must follow the style used in Cumulated Index Medicus. Book references should include, in the following order: names of the first 3 authors, chapter title, editor(s), book title, volume (if any), edition (if any), city, publisher, year, and inclusive pages of citation (if any); for example:
  • Sherry S. Detection of thrombi. In: Strauss HE, Pitt B, James AE, editors. Cardiovascular nuclear medicine. St. Louis: Mosby; 1974. p. 273-85.
    Meanwhile, reference to chapter in a book should be given in following order:
  • Ansel HJ. Normal pancreatic duct. In: Stewart ET, Vennes JA, Geenen JE, eds. Atlas of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. St. Louis: CV Mosby, 1977:43-7.

Illustrations and legends

Submit a 1 hard copy on high-quality laser printer paper or bond paper; or submit this type of illustration in the form of a glossy photograph for best results. Use thick, solid lines and bold, solid type. Place lettering on a white background; avoid reverse type (white lettering on a dark background).
Illustrations (1 complete set of glossy prints) should be numbered in the order of their mention in the text and should be marked lightly on the back with the first author's last name and an arrow to indicate the top edge. Only good photographic prints of original drawings should be supplied. All lettering
must be done professionally. Do not send original artwork, x-ray films, or ECG tracings. Glossy photographs are preferred; good black-and-white contrast is essential. Preferred size for submitted illustrations is 5 × 7 inches. Suitable figure legends should be typewritten double spaced on a separate sheet of paper and included at the end of the manuscript. If a figure has been taken from previously copyrighted material, the legend must give full credit to the original source and letters of permission must be submitted with the manuscript. Articles appear in both the print and online versions of the Journal, and wording of the letter should specify permission in all forms and media. Failure to get electronic permission rights may result in the images not appearing in the online version. Illustrations cannot be returned by the publisher. Figures may be submitted in electronic format. All images should be at least 5 inches wide. Images should be provided in EPS or TIF format on CD / DVD. Macintosh or PC format is acceptable. Graphics software such as Photoshop and Illustrator should be used in the creation of the art. Color images need to be CMYK, at least 300 DPI, and be accompanied by a digital color proof, not a color laser print or color photocopy. Please include hardware and software information, in addition to the file names with the CD / DVD.


Tables should be self-explanatory and numbered in Roman numerals in the order of their mention in the text. Provide a brief title for each. Type each double-spaced on a separate page. Abbreviations should be defined in a double-spaced footnote at the end of the table. If any material in a table or a table itself has been taken from previously copyrighted material, a double-spaced footnote must give full credit to the original source and permission of the author and publisher must be obtained. Send letters of permission to the Editor with the manuscript.


All measurements should be in international standard metric units


It is expected that submitted Case Reports will include a detailed analysis of the case and a review of the available literature. Only those case reports which are truly original and are likely to significantly influence medical practice are considered for publication. Others may be considered for publication in an abbreviated form as a letter to the editor.


Substantive reviews of biomedical topics will be considered for publication. They will be evaluated by peer review of the manuscript prior to consideration of publication.


It should be a brief, substantiated commentary on special subjects limited to 2000 words (including references and tables).


Brief letters or notes to the Editor regarding published material or information of timely interest. Letters to the Editor should concern only articles that have been published recently in the Journal. A response to the letter will be requested from the authors of the article in question, and both the letter and the response will be published together. Letters should be no longer than 1000 words, including references and tables

Ethical considerations

Authors should identify that informed consent and Ethical Review Committee from the institute was obtained. The manuscript should also include the notation that the study was approved by the institutional committee on human research. Photographs of identifiable persons must be accompanied by signed releases showing informed consent.  When reporting experiments on human subjects, it should be clearly indicated whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 1983. Patient’s names, initials or hospital numbers, especially in illustrative material should not be used. When reporting experiments on animals, indicate whether the institution’s or a national research council’s guidelines for or any national law on, the care and use of laboratory animals were followed. All clinical research papers must be accompanied by evidence of peer review. The date the project was approved, when available, should also be included.

Processing charges

Effective from February 1, 2021
All manuscripts from Pakistan and overseas are processed with submission charges of Rs. 5000/-  (US$ 50), however once accepted after complete revision processes for publication, the authors are required to pay publication charges of Rs. 10000/- per manuscript for authors from Pakistan and US$ 100/- in case of overseas authors. The charges for film making of photographs, illustrations if any will be additional.

Checklist for the author (s)

  • Covering letter 
  • Copyright transfer statement signed by all authors
  • ERC (Ethical Review Committee Permission/Thesis approval letter)
  • 01 Original copy of the article (double-spaced)
  • CD / DVD / Electronic Microsoft Word Document
  • Title page should mention:
    • Section of Journal to be published in (or note if a review article)
    • Title of article and short title (40 characters or fewer)
    • Authors Full Name, Academic Qualifications, and Institution affiliations
    • Full Name of correspondence author including address, business phone and e-mail address for reprints and further communication.
  • Structured abstract, 250-word maximum
  • Text (including Introduction, Methodology, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, Conflict of interest and funding)
  •  References ( Vancouver style)
  •  Illustrations, properly labeled (01 glossy set)
  •  Legends
  • Tables (provide brief title for each), typed on separate sheets
  • Permission to reproduce published material in all forms and media
  • Informed consent to publish patient photographs
All correspondence should be communicated to:

Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences Jamshoro, Sindh - Pakistan.

Email:   jlumhs@yahoo.com, jlumhs@lumhs.edu.pk
Telephone: 92-22-9213357 (Direct)
Fax: 92-22-9213302