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Frequency and pattern of Gonorrhoea at Liaquat University Hospital, Hyderabad (A hospital based descriptive study)


Objective: To determine the frequency and pattern of gonorrhoea at Liaquat University Hospital, Hyderabad.
Methods: This descriptive study of eight months was conducted at Liaquat University Hospital Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan from December 2007 to May 2008. All patients who were above 14 years of age and came with history of discharge from penis or vagina were evaluated and enrolled in the study. After recording demographic data these were screened for gonococcal infection by Gram's staining method. The frequency was determined by identifying the positive gonococcal infected patients while pattern was observed according to the presentation of patients. The data was analyzed by SPSS version 10.00.
Result: One hundred and eighteen patients, 92 (78%) male and 26 (22%) females were identified to have infection out of 266 patients with mean age 27.4 , 7.77 years. Majority of the patients 92 (78%), presented in the department of dermatology. In the study group, 77 (65%) were unmarried and 41 (35%) were married, 71 (60%) belonged to Hyderabad and 47 (40%) came from periphery of Sindh province of Pakistan. Other features and presentation identified in such patients were painful micturition 98 (83%), burning micturition 94 (80%), frequent micturition 108 (92%), genital itching 85% (72%), intermenstrual bleeding 09(8%), painful sexual intercourse 87(74%) and skin lesions 24 (20%). All patients were treated by syndromic management.

Conclusion: A relatively high prevalence of gonorrhoea (46% patients) was detected in the patients seen in Liaquat University Hospital (JPMA 60:37; 2010).

Doulat Rai Bajaj, Bikha Ram Devrajani, Rafi Ahmed Ghori, Syed Zulfiquar Ali Shah

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