Journal of Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences (JLUMHS) Jamshoro, Pakistan,  publishes original manuscripts, case reports and reviews on topics related to medical and health sciences. JLUMHS is a peer – reviewed journal and is published as three issues per year. It agrees to accept manuscripts prepared in accordance with the “Uniform Requirements for submission of manuscripts for biomedical journals adopted by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), updated October 2001(Refer JLUMHS July – December 2002 issue).  Articles are accepted for publication on the condition that they are contributed solely to JLUMHS. Three hard copies of all the manuscripts including original one, should be submitted for publication. An electronic copy of all manuscripts must also be submitted on a computer diskette. All articles are reviewed by two or more referees. Acceptance is based on significance, originality, and validity of the material. If the article is accepted for publication, editorial revisions may be made to aid clarity and understanding without altering the meaning.

Editorial Policy
Statements and opinions expressed in the articles and communications herein are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the Editor(s) or publisher, and the Editor(s) and publisher disclaim any responsibility or liability for such material. Neither the Editor(s) nor the publisher guarantees, warrants, or endorses any product or service advertised in this publication; neither do they guarantee any claim made by the manufacturer of such product or service. In accordance with the Copyright Act, the following statement signed by all authors must accompany each manuscript submitted for publication: “The undersigned author(s) transfer all copyright ownership of the manuscript  to the  Journal of Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro, Pakistan in the event the work is published. The undersigned warrant(s) that the article is original, does not infringe upon any copyright or other proprietary right of any third party, is not under consideration by another journal, and has not been published previously”.

Preparation of manuscripts
Only original manuscripts will be considered for publication. Correct preparation of the manuscript by the authors will expedite the reviewing and publication procedures. Please note the following requirements. Text for original articles should not exceed 5000 words and 1250 words for a case report. Three hard copies of the manuscript must be submitted to the Editor along with all supporting material (including permission) and a diskette. The hard copies must be printed on one side only, double-spaced, on 22 ×  28 cm (8½  ×  11 inch) paper with adequate margins. The article, including all tables, should be formatted in WordPerfect, Microsoft Word, or a text-only file.

Style
Manuscripts must conform to acceptable English usage. Standard abbreviations should be used consistently throughout the article. Abbreviations should be spelled out the first time they appear in the text and followed in parentheses by the abbreviation.

Pagination
Begin numbering with the title page as page 1, the structured abstract page as page 2, and continue throughout the references, figure legends, and tables. Place page numbers in the upper right corner of each page.

Title page
The title page should be typed double-spaced and include the title, authors' full names, highest earned academic degrees, institutional affiliations and location, and a short, abbreviated title of 40 characters or fewer. Designate one author (provide address, business telephone and fax numbers, and  e-mail address) to receive correspondence.

Structured abstract
Each article must include a structured abstract of no more than 250 words. Use the following headings for sections of the abstract: Objectives, Design, Setting, Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusion. The abstract may not contain data not presented in the manuscript.
The use of appropriate subheadings throughout the body of the text (Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion sections) is required for manuscripts.. Following format should be adopted for Original Articles. Meanwhile, for a case report, a brief abstract about case, introduction about subject, case report, discussion and references parts should be given.
Introduction: It should contain brief review of the topic with strictly relevant references & historical background. At the end, objectives and the rationale for the study should be mentioned.
Methods: In this section, mention design, place and duration of the study. It should clearly state inclusion and exclusion criteria of the subjects. The methods and the apparatus used should be identified (with manufacturer’s name and address in the parenthesis), and procedures described in sufficient detail to allow other workers to reproduce the results. Well-established methods should be cited with references. Statistical tools used for analysis of results should also be mentioned in methods section with enough detail to enable the readers or researchers to verify the reported findings.
Results: Important findings must be narrated in the text, tables and illustrations in logical sequence in numerical as well as in percentages. Repetitions should be avoided. Only important observations should be emphasized in precise manner.
Discussion: It should emphasize the new and important aspects, implications and any limitations of the study. In this section, findings should be compared with already existing literature.
Conclusions: These should be specific to the goals of the study & authors own interpretation of the data. These should not be linked to other studies. Claiming priority or alluding to work that has not completed, must be avoided.
Recommendations: If author(s) want to present appropriate recommendations or suggestions, these may be included after conclusion section.
Acknowledgements: Persons who have contributed intellectually or technically to the paper but whose contributions do not justify authorship may be named and their function or contribution described. For example, “scientific advisor”, “ critical review of study proposal “, “data collection” or “participation in clinical trial”. Such persons must have permitted to be named.

References
The reference list must be numbered serially in the order in which the references appear in the text and typed double-spaced on separate sheets. References should be latest with format  conformating to the “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals” (http://www.icmje.org). Reference citations to periodicals should include, in the following order: names of the first 3 authors (then etal), title, journal, year, volume, and pages; for example:

  • Ott SJ, Helmberger T, Beuers U. Intestinal obstruction after ingestion of a beer-filled condom at the Munich Octoberfest. Am J Gastroenterol 2003;98(2):512-3

Journal abbreviations must follow the style used in Cumulated Index Medicus. Book references should include, in the following order: names of the first 3 authors, chapter title, editor(s), book title, volume (if any), edition (if any), city, publisher, year, and inclusive pages of citation (if any); for example:

  • Sherry S. Detection of thrombi. In: Strauss HE, Pitt B, James AE, editors. Cardiovascular nuclear medicine. St. Louis: Mosby; 1974. p. 273-85.

Meanwhile, reference to chapter in a book should be given in following order:

  • Ansel HJ. Normal pancreatic duct. In: Stewart ET, Vennes JA, Geenen JE, eds. Atlas of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. St. Louis: CV Mosby, 1977:43-7.

Illustrations and legends
Submit 3 hard copies on high-quality laser printer paper or bond paper; or submit this type of illustration in the form of a glossy photograph for best results. Use thick, solid lines and bold, solid type. Place lettering on a white background; avoid reverse type (white lettering on a dark background).
Illustrations (three complete sets of glossy prints) should be numbered in the order of their mention in the text and should be marked lightly on the back with the first author's last name and an arrow to indicate the top edge. Only good photographic prints of original drawings should be supplied. All lettering must be done professionally. Do not send original artwork, x-ray films, or ECG tracings. Glossy photographs are preferred; good black-and-white contrast is essential. Preferred size for submitted illustrations is 5 ×     7 inches. Suitable figure legends should be typewritten double spaced on a separate sheet of paper and included at the end of the manuscript. If a figure has been taken from previously copyrighted material, the legend must give full credit to the original source and letters of permission must be submitted with the manuscript. Articles appear in both the print and online versions of the Journal, and wording of the letter should specify permission in all forms and media. Failure to get electronic permission rights may result in the images not appearing in the online version. Illustrations cannot be returned by the publisher. Figures may be submitted in electronic format. All images should be at least 5 inches wide. Images should be provided in EPS or TIF format on Zip disk, CD, floppy, Jaz, or 3.5 MO. Macintosh or PC is acceptable. Graphics software such as Photoshop and Illustrator, not presentation software such as PowerPoint, CorelDraw, or Harvard Graphics, should be used in the creation of the art. Color images need to be CMYK, at least 300 DPI, and be accompanied by a digital color proof, not a color laser print or color photocopy. Please include hardware and software information, in addition to the file names, with the disk.
 
Tables
Tables should be self-explanatory and numbered in Roman numerals in the order of their mention in the text. Provide a brief title for each. Type each double-spaced on a separate page. Abbreviations should be defined in a double-spaced footnote at the end of the table. If any material in a table or a table itself has been taken from previously copyrighted material, a double-spaced footnote must give full credit to the original source and permission of the author and publisher must be obtained. Send letters of permission to the Editor with the manuscript.

Measurements
All measurements should be in international standard metric units.

CASE REPORTS
It is expected that submitted Case Reports will include a detailed analysis of the case and a review of the available literature. Only those case reports which are truly original and are likely to significantly influence medical practice are considered for publication. Others may be considered for publication in an abbreviated form as a letter to the editor.

REVIEWS
Substantive reviews of biomedical topics will be considered for publication. They will be evaluated by peer review of the manuscript prior to consideration of publication.

EDITORIALS
It should be a brief, substantiated commentary on special subjects limited to 2000 words (including references and tables).

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
Brief letters or notes to the Editor regarding published material or information of timely interest. Letters to the Editor should concern only articles that have been published recently in the Journal. A response to the letter will be requested from the authors of the article in question, and both the letter and the response will be published together. Letters should be no longer than 500 words, including references and tables.

Ethical considerations
Authors should identify that informed consent was obtained when applicable. The manuscript should also include the notation that the study was approved by the institutional committee on human research. Photographs of identifiable persons must be accompanied by signed releases showing informed consent.  When reporting experiments on human subjects, it should be clearly indicated whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 1983. Patient’s names, initials or hospital numbers, especially in illustrative material should not be used. When reporting experiments on animals, indicate whether the institution’s or a national research council’s guidelines for or any national law on, the care and use of laboratory animals were followed. All clinical research papers must be accompanied by evidence of peer review. The date the project was approved, when available, should also be included.

Conflict of interest
Authors of manuscripts submitted to JLUMHS must inform about  funding sources for the research they intend to publish. We must also know of any associations that might be construed as a conflict of interest (stock ownership, consultancies, etc.).

Processing Charges
All manuscripts from Pakistan should be accompanied with a Bank Draft for Rs.500/- (Non-refundable) in the name of Journal of Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences (JLUMHS). *Publication Charges:* Once the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors are required to pay publication charges of Rs.1,500/- per manuscript. US$ 30/- in case of overseas authors. The charges for film making of photographs, illustrations if any will be additional.

Checklist for the author (s)

  • Covering letter
  • Copyright transfer statement signed by all authors
  • Original and two photocopies of the article (double-spaced)
  • Diskette
  • Title page
    • Section of Journal to be published in (or note if a review article)
    • Title of article and short title (40 characters or fewer)
    • Authors, academic degrees, and affiliations
    • Author to whom correspondence and reprint requests are to be sent, including address, business phone and fax numbers, and e-mail address
  • Structured abstract, 250-word maximum
  • Text (including Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion)
  • References
  • Illustrations, properly labeled (3 glossy sets)
  • Legends
  • Tables (provide brief title for each), typed on separate sheets
  • Permission to reproduce published material in all forms and media
  • Informed consent to publish patient photographs